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Ms. Laurens Koonce » Ohio Learning Standards

Ohio Learning Standards

Grade 5 THEME: REGIONS AND PEOPLE OF THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE
 
In grade five, students study the Western Hemisphere (North and South America), its geographic features, early history, cultural development and economic change. Students learn about the early inhabitants of the Americas and the impact of European exploration and colonization. The geographic focus includes the study of contemporary regional characteristics, the movement of people, products and ideas, and cultural diversity. Students develop their understanding of the relationship between markets and available resources.
 
HISTORY STRAND HISTORICAL THINKING AND SKILLS EARLY CIVILIZATIONS
 
Content Statements: 1. Events can be arranged in order of occurrence using the conventions of B.C. and A.D. or B.C.E. and C.E.
 
Content Statements: 2. Early Indian civilizations (Maya, Inca, Aztec, Mississippian) existed in the Western Hemisphere prior to the arrival of Europeans. These civilizations had developed unique governments, social structures, religions, technologies, and agricultural practices. HERITAGE
 
Content Statements: 3. European exploration and colonization during the 1400s1600s had lasting effects which can be used to understand the Western Hemisphere today. GEOGRAPHY STRAND SPATIAL THINKING AND SKILLS PLACES AND REGIONS
 
Content Statements: 4. Geographic tools can be used to gather, process and report information about people, places and environments. Cartographers decide which information to include in maps.
 
Content Statements 5. Latitude and longitude can be used to make observations about location and generalizations about climate
 
Content Statements: 6. Regions can be determined using data related to various criteria including landform, climate, population, and cultural and economic characteristics. HUMAN SYSTEMS
 
Content Statements: 7. The variety of physical environments within the Western Hemisphere influences human activities. Likewise, human activities modify the physical environments.
 
Content Statement: 8. American Indians developed unique cultures with many different ways of life. American Indian tribes and nations can be classified into cultural groups based on geographic and cultural similarities.
 
Content Statements: 9. Political, environmental, social and economic factors cause people, products and ideas to move from place to place in the Western Hemisphere and results in diversity.
 
Content Statement: The Western Hemisphere is culturally diverse (eg., language, food, religion, art, music) due to the influences and interactions of a variety of world cultures.
 
Content Statement: 11. Individuals can better understand public issues by gathering, interpreting and checking information for accuracy from multiple sources. Data can be displayed graphically to effectively and efficiently communicate information.
 
Content Statement: 12. Democracies, dictatorships and monarchies are categories for understanding the relationship between those in power or authority and citizens. ECONOMICS STRAND ECONOMIC DECISION MAKING AND SKILLS SCARCITY
 
Content Statement: 13. Information displayed in circle graphs can be used to show relative proportions of segments of data to an entire body of data.
 
Content Statement 14. The choices made by individuals and governments have both present and future consequences.
 
Content Statement: 15. The availability of productive resources (i.e., entrepreneurship, human resources, capital goods and natural resources) promotes specialization that could lead to trade. PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION MARKETS
 
Content Statement: 16. The availability of productive resources and the division of labor can have a positive or negative impact on productive capacity.
 
Content Statement: 17. Regions and countries become interdependent when they specialize in what they produce best and then trade with other regions to increase the amount and variety of goods and services available. FINANCIAL LITERACY
 
Content Statement: 18. Workers can improve their ability to earn income by gaining new knowledge, skills and experiences.
 
Grade 6 THEME: REGIONS AND PEOPLE OF THE EASTERN HEMISPHERE
 
In grade six, students study the Eastern Hemisphere (Africa, Asia, Australia and Europe), its geographic features, early history, cultural development and economic change. Students learn about the development of river civilizations in Africa and Asia, including their governments, cultures and economic systems. The geographic focus includes the study of contemporary regional characteristics, the movement of people, products and ideas, and cultural diversity. Students develop their understanding of the role of consumers and the interaction of markets, resources and competition.
 
HISTORY STRAND HISTORICAL THINKING AND SKILLS EARLY CIVILIZATIONS
 
Content Statements: 1. Multiple tier timelines can be used to show relationships among events and places.
 
Content Statements: 2. Early civilizations (India, Egypt, China and Mesopotamia) had unique governments, economic systems, social structures, religions, technologies and agricultural practices and products. The cultural practices and products of these early civilizations can be used to help understand the Eastern Hemisphere today. GEOGRAPHY STRAND SPATIAL THINKING AND SKILLS PLACES AND REGIONS
 
Content Statements: 3. Geographic tools can be used to gather, process and report information about people, places and environments. Cartographers decide which information to include and how it is displayed.
 
Content Statements: 4. Latitude and longitude can be used to identify absolute location.
 
Content Statements: 5. Regions can be determined, classified and compared using data related to various criteria including landform, climate, population, and cultural and economic characteristics HUMAN SYSTEMS
 
Content Statements: 6. The variety of physical environments within the Eastern Hemisphere influences human activities. Likewise, human activities modify the physical environment.
 
Content Statements: 7. Political, environmental, social and economic factors cause people, products and ideas to move from place to place in the Eastern Hemisphere in the past and today.
 
Content Statements: 8. Diffusion of agricultural practices and products, technology, cultural practices and major world religions (Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam and Judaism) 
 
Content Statement: 9. Different perspectives on a topic can be obtained from a variety of historic and contemporary sources and used to effectively communicate and defend a claim based on evidence. Sources should be examined for accuracy and credibility.
 
Content Statement: 10. Governments can be categorized as monarchies, theocracies, dictatorships or democracies, but categories may overlap and labels may not accurately represent how governments function. The extent of citizens’ liberties and responsibilities varies according to limits on governmental authority. ECONOMICS STRAND ECONOMIC DECISION MAKING AND SKILLS SCARCITY
 
Content Statement: 11. Economists compare data sets to draw conclusions about relationships among them.
 
Content Statements: 12. The choices made by individuals and governments have both present and future consequences. The evaluation of choices is relative and may differ across individuals and societies.
 
Content Statement: 13. The fundamental questions of economics include what to produce, how to produce and for whom to produce.
 
Content Statements: 14. When regions and/or countries specialize, global trade occurs. MARKETS FINANCIAL LITERACY
 
Content Statement: 15. The interaction of supply and demand, influenced by competition, helps to determine price in a market. This interaction also determines the quantities of outputs produced and the quantities of productive resources (entrepreneurship, human resources, natural resources and capital) used.
 
Content Statement: 16. When selecting items to buy, individuals can weigh costs and benefits and compare the price and quality of available goods and services.